In the NAO MUA in 2010-2013, the Department of Neonatology functioned, then a course in neonatology, which was headed by the founder of the neonatal service in the Republic of Kazakhstan, MD, prof. Chuvakova T.K. In connection with the need to introduce effective perinatal technologies into healthcare practice, the Department of Neonatology was re-established in 2019.
Despite the fact that the department has a short history, the staff of the department have a wealth of clinical experience as neonatologists, healthcare organizers and scientific researchers.
In the development of neonatology in Kazakhstan, Professor of the Department of Neonatology Chuvakova Tamara Kurmangalievna has a special place. She is the first leader of the neonatology course, which was opened at the Almaty Institute for Advanced Medical Studies on International Children's Day - June 1, 1978. Then there were only five such departments in the former Soviet Union. For many years (from 1978 to 2008) she managed to combine the position of the head of the Department of Neonatology and the chief freelance neonatologist of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan. She was the national coordinator for programs to improve maternal and newborn health. Such as "Protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding", "Safe motherhood and assistance to improve the effectiveness of perinatal care." Moreover, she was not only a national coordinator, but also actively introduced them into the practice of domestic health care. The introduction of the program "Protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding" into the practice of obstetric organizations contributed to a significant decrease in infant mortality, which was confirmed by the UNICEF study ("Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey", 2006), which showed that only due to the introduction of the breastfeeding program, the level of infant mortality in Kazakhstan has almost halved! In September 2000, the UN summit was held, at which the Millennium Declaration was adopted, containing 8 global goals. Each country, including Kazakhstan, pledged to meet these goals for the period from 1990 to 2015. Attaching particular importance to the timely achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, the country, with the technical support of UNICEF, approved a project to study the causes of infant and child mortality in Kazakhstan.
Oranskaya Tatyana Nikolaevna - one of the founders of the neonatal service in the city multidisciplinary hospital No. 2 in Nur-Sultan. Thanks to her, numerous perinatal technologies, methods of diagnosis and treatment were introduced, which improved the quality of medical care for newborns. As a result, neonatal mortality in Nur-Sultan is the lowest in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, she is UNICEF's national consultant on infection prevention related to health care delivery. Oranskaya Tatyana Nikolaevna, together with UNICEF experts, carries out external assessments of medical organizations and conducts seminars and trainings on the prevention of nosocomial infections in the regions of Kazakhstan.