After the organization of the Tselinograd State Medical Institute, a course of traumatology, orthopedics with VPH existed as part of the department of hospital surgery, where this discipline was taught by Redin Vitaliy Alekseevich and Otverchenko Grigory Nikitovich, and somewhat later Zhilkibakov Kozhabek Zhilkibakovich.
In September 1967, V.A. Redin was elected assistant professor of the Department of Hospital Surgery (Head of the Department of Prof. N.F. Khokhlov) at the course of orthopedics and traumatology. In 1970, the department of hospital surgery was headed by Gilen Vasilyevich Tsoi, who is considered to be the founder of the surgical, including and the orthopedic and trauma service in Tselinograd area. As a general surgeon, he intensively dealt with agricultural injuries in the region. In 1971, V.A. Redin was elected the head of a separate course in traumatology and orthopedics with VPH, and on February 12, 1974. by order of the Central Medical Research Institute, the course of traumatology and orthopedics with VPH is reorganized into a separate department, the first head of which is Associate Professor V.A. Redin, whose main area of research was the degenerative-dystrophic processes of the knee joint, which was the subject of a doctoral thesis, defended in 1983. As part of the department, young specialists Alibek Zhanpeisovich Abdrakhmanov, Amangazy Masalinovich Zhanaspaev, Leonid Petrovich Savin, who previously headed the regional health care and Oscar Ivanovich Tsikh worked at the department. After Professor V.A. Redin retired in 1993, the department was headed by the Honored Doctor of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Al Farabi Prize Laureate, Professor A.Zh. Abdrakhmanov, whose scientific activity was aimed at developing a fracture treatment system in the conditions of the civil defense and emergency situations medical service. Orthopedic-traumatological (45 beds), burn (30 beds) departments of the regional hospital, trauma departments of the BSMP (60 beds) and the railway hospital (40 beds) became the clinical bases of the department of traumatology and orthopedics with the course of HPV.
In 1976, the staff of the department was replenished with young specialists Akhmetov Gabbas Elemesovich, Fedorov Anatoly Sergeyevich, Nurlan Dzhumagulovich Batpenov. In 1987, Nikolay Bronislavovich Orlovsky was elected as an assistant to the department, after completing clinical residency and 11 years of managing the trauma department of the BSMP. In 2001, the Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics was opened, which became the clinical base of the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics was headed by Professor N.B.Orlovsky. After Professor NB Orlovsky retired in 2014, the department was headed by MD, professor Abilmazhinov Mukhtar Tolegenovich., whose main scientific direction is outpatient care in traumatology and orthopedic practice. The department of traumatology and orthopedics employs a doctor of medical sciences, professor Rakhimov S. K., candidate of medical sciences, Turgumbaev T. N., an assistant to the department, Shvarts D.V. and a laboratory assistant Lyudmila Stepanovna.